What Should You Check Before Choosing a Firearm for Hunting?

Last Updated on April 5, 2023

What Should You Check Before Choosing a Firearm for Hunting: When it comes to shooting and hunting success, the firearm and ammo you use are just as important as your skill level.

Therefore, when selecting a firearm for hunting, ensure that it complies with all applicable legal requirements regarding caliber, gauge, and the quantity of energy created by the projectile.

Also, ensure that the firearm is suitable and powerful enough to quickly and effectively kill the prey you intend to shoot.

What Should You Check Before Choosing a Firearm for Hunting

What Should You Check Before Choosing a Firearm for Hunting?

Here are some crucial factors that you should check before choosing a firearm for hunting:


The documents always indicate the manufacturer of the weapon. It also states the main characteristics, indicators, and suitability of certain ammunition, gunpowder, and hinges.

It is essential in the case of rare, collection, piece, and used guns. The whole point is that old guns may not go with modern gun powders and hinges. It can be a tangible obstacle to their use.

Again, the gun looks strong, thick. But it will not withstand smokeless nitro powder and modern hinges. It is something to keep in mind and be aware of it, especially when choosing old shotguns.

Documentation usually indicates all the data you need. If there is no documentation, stamps will indicate information. It would be better if you also analyzed it.

All the necessary information on brands is now available on the Internet. It simplifies the procedure for choosing a weapon when buying. Take your internet-enabled smartphone with you and make things easier.


Start by checking the appearance of the weapon. Check the condition of the paintwork of wooden parts and the coating of metal parts visually. Inspect the damage of the gun like cracks, scratches, chips, etc., flaws.

Then, pay close attention to the suitability of the wood and metal components. There should be no gaps between these components.

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Check the trunk’s outside with adequate lighting. The weapon’s barrel must be flat, smooth, with scratches, potholes. Barrel swelling is not allowed.

We also recommend checking the glare of light on the barrel – it should go smoothly, without bends, not expanding or bending, but only slightly tapering from one end of the barrel to the other.

Next, check the condition of the trunks, where a cleaning rod and rag may come in handy. A preservative grease coats the inside of the weapon’s barrel, making it challenging to inspect the barrel in the light visually.

Also, check the internal state visually for light. First, monitor the absence of significant damage inside the trunk. Then the presence of shells, products, etc.


Then check the so-called concentricity. It is a critical sign of the gun barrel’s compatibility and damage. The fact is that when looking at the trunk to the light, you can see shadow rings.

They are concentric when they are equal in size and are equidistant from one another. A similar picture corresponds to the optimal state of the weapon barrel.

Let us dwell only on a variant of the simple definition of concentricity. To do this, you should have a sheet of white paper and a sleeve with an empty capsule hole with you.

A ray of light (best of all, naturally) should fall on the sheet of paper. Insert a sleeve into the chamber. With the muzzle hole, the barrel looks NOT AT the light source but AT THE SHEET. You can see the barrel through a convenient and easy capsule opening.


For checking the barrel for shells, it will be helpful to carry out the following manipulation. Use a white cloth rolled into a ball about the barrel’s diameter, plug the gun’s muzzle.

Then, light it up with a flashlight from the breech side. Thus, you can inspect the barrel and breech. However, minor damage is allowed. It should be even and intact, ideally representing a “mirror.” The same method will eliminate the possibility of catching a “nimble” trunk.

It often happens when we buy old and used guns and is a form of fraud. It is such a crude pre-sale, geared up for a fool. The fact is that barrel shoving is removing metal by an abrasive method to remove shells.

When checked by the above methods, such a barrel will be in the “mirror,” which has concentricity. However, compare the condition of the barrel and the rest of the weapon.

Chips on the tree, wear of the pads, slight “blockage,” and abrasion. Ideal mirrored trunks cannot combine the roundness of sharp corners from time to time. It is a clear sign of a jumper. Taking such a weapon is categorically not worth it.

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Burnout itself is not terrible and can be easily treated by removing the defective metal in any way and installing spacers in the shield (for example, brand tubes).

However, the problem goes deeper. Through burnout, combustion products penetrate the firing mechanism, which negatively affects the resource of this system.


It is an essential factor when checking the state of the muzzle. The fact is that the weapon’s muzzle is responsible for the correct exit of the projectile from the barrel. The slope at the muzzle is smooth. Bore weapons reduce accuracy quite noticeably.

Again, the ideal muzzle for a smooth-bore shotgun is smooth, rounded, with well-defined outer and inner edges. Any deviations of the muzzle of a smooth bore are unacceptable.

They lead to a decrease in battle accuracy and precision. For example, the roundness of the muzzle indicates an abundant shot. And the presence of a chamfer on the cut indicates a significant service of the weapon.

Control of Soldering

The next factor to pay attention to when checking a weapon is the control of soldering. You should check the soldering of the aiming bar of a gun. And in double-barreled guns, you should check the bar that fixes the two barrels to the block.

Checking the soldering is quite simple – hang the gun with the front swivel or the upper barrel hook and lightly tap the bar with the non-working part of the ramrod.

A dull sound with a slight rattling indicates poor soldering or wear of the unit. Of course, you shouldn’t take such a weapon.

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Locking Mechanism

Check the locking mechanism of guns for noiselessness, smoothness, and completeness of locking. It is monitored visually by sound and indicates the fit of parts for breakthrough guns.

It is about the contact between the pads and the breeches of the barrels. Check simply by blowing air through the barrel from the muzzle to the breech.

The presence of effort and its strength indicate the completeness of the fit of the breeches and the block. If there is no effort, the weapon is worth giving up; this is a clear sign of faulty or worn parts.

Control of the shaft of the barrel in the block of the gun. You will fill it when the rifle rocks lightly. Remove the fore-end, open the rifle’s locking mechanism, and put your thumb to the junction of the breech and the shoe guard.

When rocking, the ball of the thumb will feel a slight backlash. Check the longitudinal and transverse boom. When checking self-loading rifles and pump-action products.

The thumb of one hand should lie on the border of the receiver and the barrel while the assembled weapon is swinging, held by the other hand by the receiver. The presence of that is not allowed if the gun has a shaft of barrels. It is preferable not to buy it.


We have discussed all the essential parts and parcels regarding purchasing a fire gun. Indeed, you can consider this article as a checklist for fire guns also. Considering all the facts and factors that we describe in this article will help you find the right match.


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