Last Updated on June 17, 2020 by Jerry Miculek
Types of sports short weapon: The word “pistol” is used for the generic name of any type of short weapon, including revolvers, single-shot pistols, semi-automatic pistols, and gas or compressed air pistols. Their design and caliber vary considerably, from a .45 caliber centerfire pistol to .177 (4.5 mm) caliber air rifles or guns.
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Types of Sports Short Weapon
There is not going to be a detailed description of each model, and we will refer mainly to the most interesting aspect of each one, related to sports shooting. The consultation of specific treaties in this regard is recommended for the interested party.
They are manufactured in almost all sports calibers from .22 to .45. In a revolver, the cartridges are housed in a cylinder that rotates as the hammer is mounted, either manually (single-action type) or by pressing the trigger (double-action type), and aligns one of the chambers with the barrel. The mechanism is relatively slow to operate both in the cocking and for the time of the shot.
Facing this drawback, the revolver has several advantages: its design allows the angle of the stock to be favorable for the inclination of the wrist, which improves control during shooting; when sitting very low in the hand, the recoil is transmitted to the arm more directly, causing little elevation of the mouth; there are no moving parts that alter the trajectory of the bullet, after percussion.
They are also manufactured in all sports calibers. The cartridges are housed in a magazine that is inserted into the pistol, generally through the stock. The bolt block (which can be called a “slide”) is driven backward by the explosion of the first cartridge, and as it does so, the extractor removes the empty case from the chamber, and an ejector drives it out of the gun.
In this movement of the block, the trigger mechanism is reassembled. In his forward movement, he takes a bullet from the magazine and inserts it into the chamber, leaving the pistol ready for the next shot.
The semi-automatic pistol is appropriate for most of the competition modalities, especially for those in which the time for each shot is short, and is generally the most widely used in shooting ranges. Designs vary considerably. Some have the magazine in the stock, others under the barrel in front of the trigger guard, which logically results in different centers of gravity.
The handle angles vary from almost 90º of the military type to those of variable angle, which, together with the possibility of having more or less anatomical grips allow a better adaptation to the shooter’s hand.
Single-shot Pistol (Single Shot)
As the name suggests, only one cartridge can be loaded at a time. From a sports point of view, two types can be distinguished: those designed for the Olympic specialty of Free Kick at 50 meters and secondly, any other single shot that is used for precision and slow fire modalities.
Free Kick pistols are weapons designed for maximum precision in which only the use of .22 LR caliber is permitted. They are to the liking of the shooter, with few legal limitations. This type of shooting is the equivalent of “Formula 1” shooting with short arms. Small caliber single-shot pistols, not included in so-called free pistols, have their scope in shooting schools.
Compressed Air and Gas pistols
For shooting, only .177 (4.5 mm) caliber is allowed and with projectile exit speed limitation. In this type of pistol, the energy used to drive the bullet (popularly known as “pellets”) is obtained from the compressed air in a chamber by a cylinder that is manually operated by means of a loading lever.
Currently, in most competition pistols, the charge of air or gas (CO2) is obtained from a tank incorporated in the pistol, which allows a high number of shots without manual effort for reloading.
Choosing a Gun
To choose a gun, you have to take into account at least three factors:
- The type of shooting you want to practice
- The available budget
- The physical characteristics of the shooter
In many clubs, for safety reasons and limitations in legislation, pneumatic pistol shooting training begins. To start shooting with a firearm, it is best to practice with a Club pistol to later acquire your own, preferably of the .22 LR caliber, which can be used for various sports disciplines until you are sure of your preference or aptitude and then choose a more specific pistol.
If the thick caliber is preferred from the start, a centerfire pistol or revolver will be chosen. It should be noted that, in this case, learning is more expensive in every way. In any case, the axiom must be followed: “a bad weapon never makes a good shooter.” This means that from the beginning, you must choose a weapon that guarantees a minimum of results.
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