How to Hunt Coyotes: A Comprehensive Guide

Table of contents

Coyote hunting is a thrilling pastime that offers hunters both challenge and adventure. It can also play a vital role in maintaining balance in local ecosystems. But how do you get started? What do you need to know to hunt coyotes successfully? This guide will explore everything you need to know to get started with coyote hunting.

Understanding Coyotes

Before you can hunt coyotes, it’s essential to understand their behavior and habitat. Coyotes are cunning, adaptable animals. They can live in a variety of environments, from deserts to forests, and have even been spotted in urban areas.

Coyote Behavior

Coyotes are mainly nocturnal, though they can also be active during the day. They have sharp senses and are very wary of humans. This makes them particularly challenging to hunt.

Coyote Habitat

Coyotes are highly adaptable to different habitats. From the open prairies to dense forests, and even suburban neighborhoods, coyotes have learned to survive and thrive.

Hunting Basics

Before you embark on your first hunt, you need to understand the legal considerations, what gear you need, and some basic hunting skills.

The legal status of coyote hunting varies depending on the location. Always check with your local Department of Wildlife or similar organization to understand the hunting regulations in your area.

Essential Gear for Coyote Hunting

You’ll need various tools for coyote hunting. This includes a reliable rifle or shotgun, a camouflage suit, and coyote calls, among others.

Basic Hunting Skills Needed

Coyote hunting requires patience, precision, and a keen understanding of the animal’s behavior. Skills like tracking, stalking, and proper shot placement are crucial.

Strategies for Hunting Coyotes

Scouting for Coyote Signs

In-depth knowledge of the physical signs left behind by coyotes can greatly increase your hunting success. This includes understanding their tracks, which are usually oval-shaped with claw marks present. Droppings or scat can also give you an idea about the diet and size of the coyote. Lastly, signs of feeding like remnants of prey, disturbed undergrowth, and hair can help indicate the presence of coyotes.

Right Timing for Hunting

While coyotes can be active at any time, their movement often peaks during dawn and dusk. This is known as the crepuscular activity period. However, in areas with high human activity, coyotes may shift their activity to nighttime to avoid humans. Seasonal changes can also affect their activity. During the winter mating season, for example, coyotes are more active and bold.

Calling Techniques

There are two main types of coyote calls: distress calls and coyote vocalizations. Distress calls mimic the sounds of a prey animal in distress, such as a rabbit scream, which can draw in coyotes looking for an easy meal. Coyote vocalizations, on the other hand, can be used to challenge, locate, or lure in coyotes using various sounds like howls, yips, and barks.

Spotting and Stalking

Spotting and stalking coyotes require a blend of patience, skill, and a deep understanding of the terrain. Coyotes have excellent vision, so it’s crucial to move slowly, stay downwind, and use the terrain to your advantage.

Decoy Usage

Decoys can help distract a coyote’s attention away from the hunter, making them an effective tool for close-range hunting situations. The most common types of decoys are those that mimic potential prey, such as rodents.

Safety Measures

Hunting any animal comes with risks. It’s essential to take safety precautions to protect yourself and others.

Safety While Hunting

Always identify your target clearly before taking a shot, and be aware of what’s beyond your target.

Dealing with Wounded Coyotes

Wounded coyotes can be dangerous. Always approach with caution, and never attempt to handle a wounded animal barehanded.

Post-Hunting Activities

After a successful hunt, you’ll need to know how to process your quarry and understand the potential uses for a coyote.

Processing the Hunt

Field dressing your coyote promptly is essential to maintain the quality of the meat and hide.

Uses of Coyote

Coyote fur is highly valued and can be sold or used in various crafts. Some hunters also use the meat, though it’s less common.

Advanced Hunting Techniques

Hunting at Night

Hunting at night brings its own set of challenges but can also be rewarding. Coyotes are often more active and less wary after dark. Essential tools for night hunting include a good-quality flashlight or spotlight, night vision scopes, or thermal imaging equipment.

Long Distance Shots

Long-distance shots are a game of skill, patience, and having the right equipment. A flat-shooting, high-velocity rifle is usually the best choice for long-range coyote hunting. In addition, a quality riflescope with a high magnification range and a clear reticle can significantly improve your accuracy.

Additional Tips for Successful Coyote Hunting

Understanding Wind and Scent Control

Coyotes have an exceptional sense of smell, so hunters must pay particular attention to wind direction and scent control. Use the wind to your advantage and consider using scent-eliminating products to reduce your odor.

Coyote Hunting and Weather

Weather can greatly influence your hunting success. For example, coyotes are usually more active during cooler weather conditions and less active when it’s hot. After a fresh snowfall, tracking coyotes becomes easier, and the animals may be more active during daylight hours.

Camouflage and Concealment

Effective camouflage can break up your outline and help you blend into the environment, making it harder for coyotes to spot you. Also, consider your movement and silhouette against the skyline, as coyotes can easily detect unnatural shapes and movement.

Practice Shooting

Regular shooting practice is essential to maintain accuracy and confidence in your shooting skills. It’s not enough to simply own a rifle; proficiency in its use can be the determining factor between a successful hunt and a failed one.

Using Electronic Calls

Electronic calls can offer a variety of sounds at the push of a button, and some even come with remote controls. While some hunters prefer mouth calls for their authenticity and control, electronic calls can be a valuable tool, especially for beginners.


Coyote hunting is a complex, rewarding hobby that requires knowledge, skill, and respect for the natural world. Whether you’re a seasoned hunter or a novice, we hope this guide has provided valuable insights to enhance your hunting experience.


  • Q1: What is the best time of year to hunt coyotes?A1: Coyotes can be hunted year-round in many places, but winter often provides the best hunting as the animals are more active during daylight hours.
  • Q2: Is it legal to hunt coyotes everywhere?A2: Laws vary by location. Always check local hunting regulations before heading out.
  • Q3: What kind of gear do I need to start hunting coyotes?A3: You’ll need a firearm, ammunition, camouflage clothing, and a coyote call at the minimum. Other helpful tools can include binoculars, a decoy, and a hunting knife.
  • Q4: How dangerous is coyote hunting?A4: Like all hunting, coyote hunting has inherent risks. Always prioritize safety, including proper firearm handling and being cautious when approaching wounded animals.
  • Q5: Can coyote hunting help control their population?A5: Yes, hunting can help manage coyote populations in areas where they’re abundant or causing problems. However, hunting must be conducted responsibly to maintain balance in the ecosystem.

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

      Leave a reply

      The Shooting Gears