How to Build a Shooting Range – Indoor Shooting Range at Home

How to Build a Shooting Range: Spring is fast approaching, and it is a great time to start recreational shooting. However, does every situation in which we want to devote ourselves to this hobby require a visit to a professional shooting range?

Fortunately not, because, according to the law in force, airguns in which the energy of the shot fired does not exceed are not classified as a pneumatic weapon or simply a weapon in a broader sense.

This means that an air rifle shooting range can be created in our garden without any obstacles.

How to Build a Shooting Range

How to Build a Shooting Range

However, even with such mundane activities as playing football or releasing ducks, we must find a space where there is no risk of hitting people, animals, or damaging property.

So it will be no different with the organization of a home shooting range. Proper arrangement of the surroundings will allow us to have fun while avoiding dangerous situations or the dissatisfaction of our neighbors.

How to Start Preparing a Home Shooting Range? Choosing a Place

When choosing a place for your shooting range, you should pay attention to several aspects. First of all, an area that is sufficient for this purpose – here, the type of airgun from which we will shoot at the house is of great importance.

For short air rifles, pistols, and revolvers, an area of 5 x 10 m is enough. In the case of the strongest long air rifles, carabiners, we should have several dozen to even 100 meters of open ground in front of us.

The second important point is, it is behind the objects that we are going to shoot at. There is no doubt that people and animals cannot be there, so avoid sidewalks, paths, squares, or your neighbor’s property.

Choose a site with a small number of objects from which the shot can ricochet in unpredictable ways, such as metal posts or trees. The third aspect is minimizing the risk of property damage; attention should be paid to lamps, windows, and other similar items.

Often, we will not be able to establish an ideal location. After all, hardly anyone has an earth embankment on the property known for professional shooting ranges.

Its construction would be laborious and permanently change the appearance of our garden, which might not be welcomed by all household members. It is time to move on to the next stage, in which we will adjust our surroundings ourselves, increasing safety without high costs and workload.

How to Build a Shooting Range Step by Step: Arrangement of Space

When building a shooting range, it’s important to create a safe environment that minimizes the risk of accidents. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to build a shooting range properly:

Determine the Location

Firstly, you need to determine the location for your shooting range. It should be situated in an area with a safe backstop, which is usually an embankment of soil, a sandbag pile, or a specialized bullet trap. This will prevent bullets from traveling beyond the intended target and potentially causing harm.

Focus on Backstops

To ensure maximum safety, it’s important to focus on backstops. There are different types of bullet traps available in the market, ranging from sheet metal backstops to those with reactive targets such as spinners and magnetic targets.

Create a Protective Barrier

If you’re building a shooting range in your backyard, you can use blankets, sheets, or polystyrene boards to create a protective barrier. You can hang a blanket between two poles or trees and cover it with a sheet, which will help to stop the pellet even from a strong windbreaker. Alternatively, you can use polystyrene boards to create a cover that can be attached to a table, bench, or put on the ground.

Use DIY Covers

For stronger calibers and airguns, it’s recommended to use DIY covers made of polystyrene boards and wood-based boards such as OSB, MDF, or plywood. These boards are attached to a support made of wood, and the structure can be put on the ground, attached to a table or bench, or hung on the wall.

Combine Different Backstops

To maximize your room for maneuver when selecting targets, you can use both dedicated backstops and DIY covers in your garden shooting range. This will also help to extend the life of your DIY covers.

In summary, building a shooting range requires careful consideration and planning. By following these steps and taking necessary precautions, you can create a safe and enjoyable environment for practicing your shooting skills.

Choosing Targets for Your Backyard Shooting Range: A Guide

If you’re planning to build a backyard shooting range, it’s essential to choose the right targets. With so many different options available, it can be challenging to know where to start. Here’s a breakdown of some popular types of targets that you can consider.


From classic sports shields to colorful ones with printed zombies, there’s a wide variety to choose from. Targets related to those used by uniformed services are also available.

Silhouette Shields:

They imitate zombies, terrorists, or enemy soldiers, providing a lot of excitement. Self-adhesive targets are easy to install, and you can cover them with special paint that shows the place of impact.


Metal targets signal a hit by rotation, and they return to their starting position after a few turns without the need for action on the part of the shooter.

Silhouette Cells:

Made of thick sheet metal, they can be placed on a table in front of the protective barrier you’ve built.

Active Targets:

These targets throw out cans or bottles after a hit, providing a good diversion when shooting with two people.

FT-type Figures:

After positioning them correctly, it’s enough to pull the string to the shooting position, and they’re ready for action again.

Non-standard Purposes:

You can use various items from your home, such as aluminum soda cans or pet bottles filled with water. It’s worth remembering not to use glass bottles as their replacement.

By considering these options, you can choose the targets that give you the greatest fun while ensuring you are safe and following any laws or regulations in your area.

How Much Does It Cost to Set Up a Home Shooting Range?

Time to calculate the funds required to set up a home shooting range. A dedicated sheet metal bullet trap costs from $10 to about $70 for extensive magnetic models.

The price of the DIY protective barrier will range from 0 to 50 dollars. The set will be free, assuming that we use old blankets and sheets and we have the option of extending the assembly line, e.g., between trees. In the case of a set with tripods, it is necessary to add about 50 dollars.

The structure, based on polystyrene and wood-based board, with dimensions of 1 x 1.5 m, requires an investment of 20 to 60 dollars, depending on the materials used.

The cost of targets also varies. For a basic set of shields, which will consist of standard sports and silhouette shields and stickers, it is enough about $10.

A richer set, sufficient for a longer period, including various types of discs and a simple spinner, is about $30. Supplementing this set with a more effective spinner, HT figure, and body targets will result in a price of 100 dollars.

Summing Up

It turns out that a budget of 15 to 200 dollars is required for the shooting range device, based on the solutions presented.

As you can see, it does not have to be an excessive amount, and taking into account how much joy, satisfaction with the progress made, or emotions from sports rivalry can bring us, the expense is worth considering.

Of course, the garden shooting range can be easily expanded, equipping it with more and more advanced devices.

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